First Capital Of Nigeria


Nigeria is a country in West Africa. Its official name is the Federal Republic of Nigeria. It is bounded on the north by Niger, on the northeast by Chad, on the east by Cameroon, and on the west by Benin. Its southern coast is on the Atlantic Ocean’s Gulf of Guinea. Nigeria is a federal republic comprised of 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory, which includes the capital city of Abuja. Lagos, one of the world’s largest metropolitan areas, is the capital of Nigeria and the African continent.

Since the second millennium (BC), Nigeria has been home to many indigenous pre-colonial states and kingdoms, with the Nok Civilization becoming the first to unite the nation internally in the 15th Century B.C. The modern state began with British colonialization in the nineteenth century and took its present territorial form with Lord Lugard’s 1914 merger of the Southern and Northern Nigeria Protectorates. While the British established administrative and legal structures, they exercised indirect rule through traditional chiefdoms. On October 1, 1960, Nigeria became a formally independent federation. It suffered a civil war from 1967 to 1970, followed by a series of democratically elected civilian governments and military dictatorships until 1999, when it established a stable democracy; the 2015 presidential election marked the first time a sitting president was defeated for re-election.

Nigeria is a multiethnic state populated by over 250 ethnic groups speaking 500 distinct languages and adhering to a diverse range of cultures. The three main ethnic groups in Nigeria are the Hausa–Fulani in the north, the Yoruba in the west, and the Igbo in the east, which together account for more than 60% of the total population. The official language is English, which was chosen to foster national linguistic cohesion. Nigeria’s constitution guarantees religious freedom, and the country is simultaneously home to one of the world’s largest Muslim and Christian populations. Nigeria is roughly split in half between Muslims in the north and Christians in the south, with minorities following indigenous religions such as those of the Igbo and Yoruba ethnic groups.

Nigeria is Africa’s most populous country and the seventh most populous country in the world, with an estimated 206 million people. Its economy is the largest in Africa, the 26th largest in the world in nominal GDP terms, and the 25th largest in purchasing power parity terms. Nigeria is often referred to as the “Giant of Africa” due to its huge population and economy, and the World Bank classifies it as an emerging market. It is an African regional force, a middle power in foreign relations, and a rising global power. However, the country ranks near the bottom of the Human Development Index and continues to be one of the most corrupt countries on the planet. Nigeria is a founding member of the African Union and a member of several international organizations, including the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Economic Community of West African States, and the Association of the Petroleum Exporting Countries. Additionally, it is a member of the informal MINT community of countries and a Next Eleven economy.

The first capital of Nigeria 

Would you like to know the answer to the following question: What was Nigeria’s first capital? Numerous eyebrows have been raised in response to this debate. Perhaps you’re curious why. Allow us to illustrate.

When it comes to determining which state served as Nigeria’s first capital, there have been a number of contentious responses. These disputes emerged as a result of the absence of official evidence to support those arguments. According to some sources, Nigeria’s first capital was Lokoja; according to others, it was Calabar. Others believe that Asaba was Nigeria’s first capital. However, the generally accepted and common response to this question is Lagos. Therefore, let us examine each of these assertions and attempt to draw a fair conclusion about Nigeria’s first capital.

Calabar was the first capital of the Southern Protectorate, the Oil River Protectorate, and the Niger Coast Protectorate, according to Wikipedia and other credible sources. This is why some consider Calabar to be Nigeria’s first capital before the late nineteenth century. In 1906, the Southern protectorate’s administrative center was relocated to Lagos.

According to credible historical sources, the British masters founded administration in Nigeria from Asaba.

Another reality that many Nigerians are unaware of is that Lady Flora Shaw coined the word Nigeria while in Lokoja. Additionally, the first Governor-General of Nigeria, Lord Frederick Lugard, governed from Lokoja following the amalgamation of the Southern and Northern protectorates to form one Nigeria.

Lagos was the administrative base of the Southern protectorate from 1906 until the Southern protectorate and Northern protectorate were merged. Lagos was designated as Nigeria’s official capital following the 1914 amalgamation that resulted in the formation of Nigeria. Lagos was Nigeria’s capital until December 12, 1991, when President Ibrahim Babangida relocated it to Abuja.

Thus, based on the above, Calabar was most likely the first capital of the Southern protectorate. Though Lagos served as the country’s official capital after its amalgamation in 1914. Given that modern Nigeria was not established until 1914, Lagos can be considered the country’s first capital.

Therefore, the next time the issue of Nigeria’s first capital comes up, you should be able to clarify the truth. Take note that the widely agreed official response is that Nigeria’s first capital is Lagos.

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